The United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) is an intergovernmental body within the United Nations to protect and promote human rights worldwide. It was established in 2006 by the General Assembly, and the headquarters is based in Geneva, Switzerland. It replaced the formerly acting Commission on Human Rights.
The UNHRC consists of 47 members, each elected for a three-year term, and they have sessions three times a year in March, June, and September. These sessions address important human rights violations and issues to guarantee justice for every citizen of the earth. This committee works to protect freedom of association and assembly, freedom of expression, freedom of belief and religion, women’s rights, the rights of migrants, and the rights of racial and ethnic minorities. While the UN has adopted the broad goal of addressing human rights in the UN charter, the UNHRC serves as the main platform for discussion and intergovernmental cooperation concerning the various human rights issues that require its attention.